The Russo-American Coalition, also referred to as the Russian American Coalition and the RAC, is an affiliation of Russia and the US formed some time after the 1986 San Francisco bombing, presumably to help prevent full scale nuclear war in the aftermath of the Hawaiian Conflict and likely other land war threats.
The RAC apparently allows both Russia's and America's Presidents, to meet and discuss policy and current events in presidential conferences. The conference slated for December 28th, 1991 was likely to discuss the massive wave of anti-Russian hate crimes, violent anti-Russian protest rallies, and glorification of the 1989 Russian killings.
Depiction in Hotline Miami and Hotline Miami 2
Outside of Jacket's assassination mission on May 13th, 1989, the RAC is only mentioned toward the end of Hotline Miami installments: in Hotline Miami they're used as a punchline both that Biker is out of his depth and that the game really has an Escape from New York-, Assault on Precinct 13-style alternate history as partial reason for the societal decay. In Hotline Miami 2 they're mentioned in optional newspapers in the final two acts, foreshadowing a presidential conference.
Exactly who, if anyone, has the upper hand in the Russo-American Coalition is vague, but many Americans view it as a political betrayal and are shown to hate the influx of Russians in America. In Hotline Miami's Deadline, Jacket dreams of being denied entrance to a bar serving Russian zombies for not being a "VIP." In the second game, Evan is similarly denied access to a bath house, causing him to kill the Russian doorman in anger.
How much of this is due to paranoia or Evan being desperate to finish the book and salvage his family, and how much is actually due to social injustices and discrimination against non-Russians is left vague.
The Colonel generally hates the idea of vague, detached superiors interested in primarily in political angling, and sees the RAC as the pinnacle of that. In 1989 he formed an underground anti-RAC movement, 50 Blessings, to topple it by generating massive Russian casualties and assassinating several pro-RAC American politicians (apparently former Russian gang bouncers). 50 Blessings disbands after 1989, having sown the seeds of anti-Russian sentiment.
On December 28th, 1991, the Colonel (now an Army general), stages a coup at the RAC conference and kills both the Russian and American presidents, prompting nuclear war.